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Two things are happening in these early pages of Acts:
1 – A lame guy got healed in the name of Jesus by Peter & John, which sparked a huge amount of interest in Jesus, ballooned into hundreds of other hearings, and which saw the group of Jesus-People (not yet called the Church) grow rapidly. 
2 – The religious professionals, feeling threatened and ignored, try to prevent all of this happening.
Over the stories of chapter 5 we meet lots of different people, and we see that they are all living for the approval and adulation of competing groups or individuals. 
Skipping back to the end of chapter 4 we hear quickly about Barnabas (which means ‘Son of Encouragement’ by the way…keep that in the back of your head for a month or two) who quietly sells an old field he owned and put the money from the sale into the central kitty which was being used to feed the hungry, help widows out with funeral bills, cover mortgage payments of people too sick to work etc etc.
Nothing else is said about it, but I am guessing this was a fairly big deal – it was an extraordinary generous and selfless gesture which benefitted many other people. Barnabas would surely have been thanked by crowds of grateful beneficiaries and would have been lauded as a great example to follow. 
Eager to get in on the adulation-action, Ananias and Sapphira decide that they too would like to be viewed as super-spiritual, crazy-kind and all kinds of wonderful. The quickest way to do this, is to copy Barnabas (cos everyone loves him) so that is what they do.
Almost.
They too sell a field. They too wonder into the meeting of the believers and place a large pile of cash on the table before standing back with a smug look on their faces waiting to benevolently hug their grateful friends. But they are concerned with the adulation of the people, not the affirmation of God.
They are not prepared to let go of all their money (which is their security in life) AND THAT IS OK except the pretended otherwise. It would have been fine if they had only given a percentage of the land sale, nobody would have thought any the worse of them. But they lied in order to try and impress other people while assuming that this new bunch of joy-filled believers who loved one another deeply represented a God who you could fool, who was a push-over, who was all fluffy and wooly and had none of the characteristics of holiness and justice which the old God had.
The rest of the chapter continues with more people either trying to win the approval of others, or content to live for the approval of their heavenly Father.  
The religious leaders are jealous of the crowds now following the apostles. They would prefer those crowds to be following them!
The prison guards are concerned that their bosses might think they did a bad job (of not noticing the jail break!)
The apostles seem to care very little about the adulation of the crowds, or the persecution and threats of the establishment…they follow the voice of the Spirit. 
A wise old guy closes the chapter by pointing out that in the past, other people have claimed to be divine and even managed to win crowds to follow them…but when push came to shove and the heat was turned up on them, they eventually all fell by the wayside and outed themselves as frauds, unable to maintain the facade of religious pretence.
While the world wants fame, celebrity, notoriety and conformity, the early believers rejected status, comfort, self-promotion and safety in favour of doing whatever the Lord led them to do. While winning the applause of those around us seems to be the best route to success, the Jesus way is a different way…not only is it dramatically different, it is wonderfully freeing.